Indications for intra-osseous (IO) infusion are increasing in adults requiring administration of fluids and medications during initial resuscitation. IO infusion should be implemented in all critical situations when peripheral venous access is not easily obtainable. Indications for.
Intraosseous infusion (IO) is the process of injecting directly into the marrow of a bone. Intraosseous access has roughly the same absorption rate as IV access, and allows for fluid resuscitation. For example, sodium "Intraosseous Devises for Intravascular Access in Adult Trauma Patients". Critical Care Nurse. 31 (2).
Intraosseous (IO) access can be obtained using manual or drill-inserted below the patella and cm medial to the tibial tuberosity in adults.
Intraosseous vascular access was first introduced by Drinker in as a studies have shown that it is safe in older children and adults.