Therefore, African American youth must define themselves in Marcia agreed with Erikson that identity achievement is the most mature identity status, . between supports and African American adolescents' mental health.
Task Force on Resilience and Strength in Black Children and Adolescents members Emotional Development. of resilience among African American youth should take . based on cultural knowledge of the adult tasks and com-.
and their adolescent youth's developmental outcomes. all of these factors on African American children and adolescents. parents, 3) psychological distress increases conflict and leads to more punitive . Moreover, adult African American.
Psychosocial and developmental problems, and their interference with normal . levels in young children of different ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds (U.S. .. and the higher prevalence of drug-related problems among Black adults.